Published his first novel, the coming-of-age story Temple of Gold, in 1957.
Before trying his hand at writing screenplays, he wrote five novels and three Broadway plays.
Spent eight years working on his debut screenplay, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969). After most of the major studios passed on it, the script eventually sold for a record $400,000 and became one of the highest-grossing westerns of all time.
Published a nonfiction book called The Season: A Candid Look at Broadway in 1969.
Although he claims the 1972 novel The Princess Bride is an abridgment of an earlier book by S. Morgenstern, it is entirely original and S. Morgenstern is actually Goldman's pseudonym.
His nonfiction book about Hollywood, Adventures in the Screen Trade (1984), introduced a popular quote often used in reference to the movie business: "Nobody knows anything."
Won the Writers Guild's Laurel Award in 1985.
1970, Writers Guild Awards — Original Drama: Winner
1985, Writers Guild Awards — The Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement: Winner