- Raised by his grandmother, who ran a brothel.
- Started his professional career as a singer and piano player.
- Contributed to the screenplay for the 1974 Mel Brooks comedy classic Blazing Saddles.
- Worked with fellow comedic actor Gene Wilder on four box office buddy films: 1976 Silver Streak, 1980's Stir Crazy, 1989 See No Evil, Hear No Evil and 1991's Another You.
- Published his autobiography, Pryor Convictions: And Other Life Sentences, in 1995.
- Honored in 1996 by the NAACP with a Lifetime Achievement Image Award and a Hall of Fame Award.
- In 1998, was the first person to receive the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.
- Was a staunch advocate for animal rights and founded Pryor's Planet, a charity for animals.
- 1975, BAFTA Film Awards — Best Screenplay: Nominee
- 1975, Writers Guild Awards — Original Comedy: Winner
- 1982, Grammy — Best Comedy Recording: Winner
- 1974, Emmy — Best Writing in Comedy-Variety, Variety or Music: Winner
- 1996, Emmy — Outstanding Guest Actor for a Drama Series: Nominee
- 1983, Emmy — Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program: Nominee
- 1981, Grammy — Best Comedy Recording: Winner
- 1976, Grammy — Best Comedy Recording: Winner
- 1975, Grammy — Best Comedy Recording: Winner
- 1974, Grammy — Best Comedy Recording: Winner
- 1973, Emmy — Outstanding Writing Achievement in Comedy, Variety: Nominee
- Elizabeth Ann Pryor — Daughter
- LeRoy Pryor, Jr. — Father
- Renee Pryor — Daughter
- Shelly Bonus — Ex-wife
- Franklin Matthew Mason Pryor — Son
- Jennifer Lee — Wife
- Rain Pryor — Daughter
- Stephen Michael Pryor — Son
- Flynn BeLaine — Ex-wife
- Marie Carter — Grandmother
- Patricia Price — Ex-wife
- Deborah McGuire — Ex-wife
- Richard Pryor, Jr. — Son
- Maxine Silverman — Ex-significant Other
- Gertrude Thomas Pryor — Mother
- Kelsey Pryor — Daughter
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