- Earned money as a member of a street-corner singing quartet as a child.
- Learned to play the cornet as a youth while in a home for juvenile delinquents.
- Received the nickname Satchelmouth as a child, which was later shortened to Satchmo.
- Developed his jazz talents as a teenager by performing on riverboats along the Mississippi.
- Recorded music for the first time in 1923 as a member of King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band.
- Also pursued a career as an actor, appearing in more than 20 films.
- Wrote the autobiographies Swing That Music (1936) and Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans (1954).
- 1964, Grammy — Best Male Pop Vocal Performance: Winner
- Lucille Wilson — Wife
- Henry Armstrong — Half Brother
- Lillian Hardin — Ex-wife
- Josephine Armstrong — Grandmother
- Beatrice Armstrong Collins — Sister
- Mayann Albert Armstrong — Mother
- Clarence Hatfield Armstrong — Son
- Alpha Smith — Ex-wife
- Daisy Parker — Ex-wife
- William Armstrong — Half Brother
- William Armstrong — Father