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Judy Garland Biography

Birth Name:
Frances Ethel Gumm
Birth Place:
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, United States
Actor, singer

Fast Facts

  • As a girl, appeared in vaudeville act the Gumm Sisters with her siblings (they later changed their name to the Garland Sisters)
  • Billed as Judy Garland, she signed with MGM in 1935
  • Paired with Mickey Rooney in 1937's Thoroughbreds Don't Cry for the first of their 10 films together
  • Breakthrough song was "You Made Me Love You," sung to a photo of Clark Gable in The Broadway Melody of 1938
  • Made a legendary Carnegie Hall debut in 1961; Judy at Carnegie Hall, the live album of the event, won five Grammys, including Album of the Year, the first for a female artist and first for a live album
  • Hosted The Judy Garland Show on CBS in 1963-64
  • Final performance took place a week before her death (from an accidental overdose of barbiturates in her London flat) at the Half Note in New York's Greenwich Village
  • In 2001, her rendition of "Over the Rainbow" was named the Greatest Song of the 20th Century in a poll commissioned by the National Endowment for the Arts and the Recording Industry Association of America


  • 1962Emmy-Outstanding Performance in a Variety or Musical Program: nominated
  • 1962Golden Globe-Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture: nominated
  • 1961Oscar-Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role: nominated
  • 1956BAFTA Film Awards-Best Foreign Actress: nominated
  • 1955Golden Globe-Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy: winner
  • 1954Oscar-Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role: nominated