Transparent became the first streaming series to win a major series prize, taking comedy series, along with comedy actor for Jeffrey Tambor, who dedicated his award to the transgender community.
Fellow freshman series The Affair was named best drama series, giving Showtime three wins in the past four years. Ruth Wilson won drama actress, handing Claire Danes, who had been 4-0, her first loss at the Globes.
Meanwhile, Rodriguez scored the CW its first Golden Globe ever, winning TV comedy actress for Jane the Virgin. She is the eighth person in the last 11 years to win the category for the first season.
Julianne Moore won her first Globe for her film work for drama actress in Still Alice, while Eddie Redmayne (The Theory of Everything) claimed best drama actor. J.K. Simmons solidified his Oscar front-runner status, picking up supporting actor for Whiplash.
Other winners include Joanne Froggatt (TV supporting actress for Downton Abbey), Matt Bomer (TV supporting actor for The Normal Heart), Maggie Gyllenhaal (miniseries/TV movie actress for The Honourable Woman) and How to Train Your Dragon 2 (animated film).
See the full list of winners below.
Drama Series: The Affair
TV Movie/Miniseries: Fargo
Drama Lead Actor: Kevin Spacey, House of Cards
Drama Lead Actress: Ruth Wilson, The Affair
Comedy Lead Actor: Jeffrey Tambor, Transparent
Comedy Lead Actress: Gina Rodriguez, Jane the Virgin
TV Movie/Miniseries Lead Actor: Billy Bob Thornton, Fargo
TV Movie/Miniseries Lead Actress: Maggie Gyllenhaal, The Honourable Woman
Supporting Actor: Matt Bomer, The Normal Heart
Drama Picture: Boyhood
Comedy/Musical Picture: The Grand Budapest Hotel
Director:Richard Linklater, Boyhood
Drama Lead Actor: Eddie Redmayne, The Theory of Everything
Drama Lead Actress: Julianne Moore, Still Alice
Comedy/Musical Lead Actor: Michael Keaton, Birdman
Comedy/Musical Lead Actress: Amy Adams, Big Eyes
Supporting Actor: J.K. Simmons, Whiplash
Supporting Actress: Patricia Arquette, Boyhood
Animated Feature: How to Train Your Dragon 2
Foreign Language Film: Leviathan(Russia)
Original Screenplay: Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris, Jr. and Armando Bo, Birdman
Original Score: Johann Johannsson, The Theory of Everything
Original Song: "Glory," Selma