Oil becomes a dominant factor in 20th-century global politics. Included: Khrushchev's pipeline connecting the Soviet Union to Eastern Europe; the rise of OPEC---and gas prices; riots in Belgium triggered by the closing of coal mines.
The Industrial Revolution moves into full gear with the merging of the coal and iron industries and the introduction of steam-powered machinery for mining. Also: electricity is harnessed for the masses; and the locomotive makes its initial run. Narrator: Nigel Anthony.
"Feast or Famine: The Limestone Legacy" surveys the historical significance of the rock to European agriculture, as well as the dramatic changes in climate preceding the Dark Ages. Also: the outbreak of bubonic plague that ravaged the 14th century. Host: Nigel Anthony.
Geopolitical factors that influenced the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. Included: the quest for fertile soil that attracted settlers to Pompeii and Herculaneum; the Greco-Persian wars that preceded Athens' climb to power; battles for control of major trade routes.
How ice ages have sculpted Earth and influenced human evolution. Included: migrations from Africa to Europe in search of game; early tool-making techniques; and the construction of tombs and megaliths throughout Europe.