Conclusion. A tour of Famagusta, Cyprus, which was the site of an infamous siege and battle in 1571 that, though won by the Ottomans, galvanized and unified Europe. Also: an ancient shipbuilding complex in Venice; and the 1571 Battle of Lepanto, which dealt a serious blow to the Ottoman Empire.
Part 2 of 3. A visit to the island of Malta, the site of a 1565 face off between the Ottomans and the Knights Hospitaller, includes a reenactment of the siege and a look at 16th-century weaponry. Also: how Venice became a rich and formidable sea power; how the ongoing dispute over Cyprus can be traced to the 1500s.
Part 1 of a three-part exploration of Mediterranean sites where pivotal events occurred in the clash between Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The journey begins in Istanbul (then known as Constantinople), which was the epicenter of the Byzantium Empire until 1453, when the Ottoman Turks captured the city.