The Crusades of 1291 are examined as the Muslim Saracens lay siege to the town of Acre, defeating the Christians who hold it. Included: a comparison of weapons technology; defensive and offensive strategies. Host: James Woods.
Host James Woods revisits the island of Krakatau on August 17, 1883, where the biggest volcanic explosion in recorded history took place. Included: records from survivors describing the devastation. Also: volcanologists gauge the current threat of an eruption.
Archaeologists discover letters from Roman soldiers stationed at Vindolanda in the British Isles that reveal what daily life was like. Also: a re-creation of Roman combat techniques. Host: James Woods.
Archaeologists uncover a huge mass grave in Vilnius, evidence of Napoleon Bonaparte's catastrophic attempt to conquer Russia in 1812. Included: the strategy of Tsar Alexander I that helped to defeat the French. Host: James Woods.
Archaeologists from the University of Bristol study historical records, grave sites and DNA from a medieval body to determine whether Black Death and the bubonic plague are the same disease. Host: James Woods.
Host James Woods travels to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, in the winter of 1777-78, to examine the state of the Continental Army and its leader, George Washington. Also: Baron Friedrich von Steuben, who drilled the troops.