Published his first novel, the coming-of-age story Temple of Gold, in 1957.
Before trying his hand at writing screenplays, he wrote five novels and three Broadway plays.
Spent eight years working on his debut screenplay, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969). After most of the major studios passed on it, the script eventually sold for a record $400,000 and the film became one of the highest-grossing westerns of all time.
Published a nonfiction book called The Season: A Candid Look at Broadway in 1969.
Although he claimed the 1972 novel The Princess Bride is an abridgment of an earlier book by S. Morgenstern, it is entirely original and S. Morgenstern was actually Goldman's pseudonym.
His nonfiction book about Hollywood, Adventures in the Screen Trade (1984), introduced a popular quote often used in reference to the movie business: "Nobody knows anything."
Won the Writers Guild's Laurel Award in 1985.
1977, Golden Globe — Best Screenplay - Motion Picture: Nominee
1970, Golden Globe — Best Screenplay - Motion Picture: Nominee
1969, Oscar — Best Writing (Story and Screenplay--based on material not previously published or produced): Winner
1977, BAFTA Film Awards — Best Screenplay: Nominee
1976, Oscar — Best Writing (Screenplay--based on material from another medium): Winner