Judy Garland

  • Birth Name: Frances Ethel Gumm
  • Birth Place: Grand Rapids, Minnesota, United States
  • Died: June 22, 1969
  • Profession: Actor, Singer
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Fast Facts

  • As a girl, appeared in vaudeville act the Gumm Sisters with her siblings (they later changed their name to the Garland Sisters).
  • Billed as Judy Garland, she signed with MGM in 1935.
  • Paired with Mickey Rooney in 1937's Thoroughbreds Don't Cry for the first of their 10 films together.
  • Breakthrough song was "You Made Me Love You," sung to a photo of Clark Gable in The Broadway Melody of 1938. 
  • Made a legendary Carnegie Hall debut in 1961; Judy at Carnegie Hall, the live album of the event, won five Grammys, including Album of the Year, the first for a female artist and first for a live album.
  • Hosted The Judy Garland Show on CBS in 1963-64. 
  • Final performance took place a week before her death (from an accidental overdose of barbiturates in her London flat) at the Half Note in New York's Greenwich Village.
  • In 2001, her rendition of "Over the Rainbow" was named the Greatest Song of the 20th Century in a poll commissioned by the National Endowment for the Arts and the Recording Industry Association of America.

Awards

  • 1964, Emmy — Outstanding Performance in a Variety or Musical Program: Nominee
  • 1955, Golden Globe — Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy: Winner
  • 1956, Emmy — Best Female Singer: Nominee
  • 1961, Oscar — Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role: Nominee
  • 1961, Grammy — Album of the Year: Winner
  • 1961, Grammy — Best Solo Vocal Performance, Female: Winner
  • 1939, Oscar — Special Award: Winner
  • 1952, Tony — Special Award: Winner
  • 1956, BAFTA Film Awards — Best Foreign Actress: Nominee
  • 1962, Golden Globe — Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture: Nominee
  • 1962, Emmy — Outstanding Performance in a Variety or Musical Program: Nominee
  • 1962, Golden Globe — Cecil B. DeMille Award: Winner
  • 1954, Oscar — Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role: Nominee

Relationships

  • Ethel Milne Gumm — Mother
  • Joseph Wiley Luft — Son
  • David Rose — Ex-husband
  • Frank Gumm — Father
  • Sid Luft — Ex-husband
  • Mary Jane Gumm — Sister
  • Vincente Minnelli — Ex-husband
  • Will Gilmore — Stepfather
  • Mark Herron — Ex-husband
  • Mickey Deans — Husband
  • Liza Minnelli — Daughter
  • Lorna Luft — Daughter
  • Tyrone Power — Ex-significant Other
  • Dorothy Virginia Gumm — Sister

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