Gregg Toland

  • Celebrity
  • Birth Name: Gregg Wesley Toland
  • Birth Place: Charlestown, Illinois, United States
  • Died: September 28, 1948
  • Profession: Cinematographer
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Fast Facts

  • Began work in the film industry at the age of 15 as an office boy and rose to assistant cameraman the following year.
  • When sound became an integral part of the movies, developed a tool that prevented the camera's noise from being picked up by the microphone.
  • Helped expand cinematic language with chiaroscuro and experimental lighting and pioneered the deep-focus technique perfected for Orson Welles's classic film Citizen Kane.
  • Drafted into the Navy's camera department during World War II and, while there, co-directed the Oscar-winning short documentary December 7th with John Ford.

Awards

  • 1935, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography: Nominee
  • 1939, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography (Black-and-White): Nominee
  • 1937, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography: Nominee
  • 1939, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography (Black-and-White): Winner
  • 1940, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography (Black-and-White): Nominee
  • 1941, Oscar — Best Achievement in Cinematography (Black-and-White): Nominee

Relationships

  • Virginia Thorpe — Wife
  • Helen Barclay — Ex-wife

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Details

  • Birth Name: Gregg Wesley Toland
  • Birth Place: Charlestown, Illinois, United States
  • Died: September 28, 1948
  • Profession: Cinematographer