The role that Paris played in shaping the arts of the early 20th century, as seen through the achievements of Marc Chagall, Jean Cocteau, Aaron Copland, Ernest Hemingway, Henri Matisse, Vaslav Nijinsky, Pablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein and Igor Stravinsky. The draw that the city had for many artists is recalled via archival interviews with Chagall, Cocteau, Copland and Stravinsky, and the recollections of others via their letters and memoirs.