Season 31, Episode 18 Ancient Refuge in the Holy Land

First Aired: November 23, 2004

“Ancient Refuge in the Holy Land” follows an archaeological dig in the “cave of letters” in Israel's Judean Desert, where refugees from the Bar Kokhba revolt held out against Rome in A.D. 132. American historian Richard Freund, who's also a rabbi, offers evidence that the cave might have been a refuge for Jews fleeing the destruction of the temple at Jerusalem 62 years earlier. This theory is controversial, but no one disputes that the Emperor Hadrian's response to the Bar Kokhba revolt was unspeakably brutal. Almost 600,000 Jews died. “The scope was so great,” Freund says, “that it was only eclipsed in modern times by the Holocaust.”

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  • Premiered: March 3, 1974
  • Rating: None
  • Premise: PBS's premier science-documentary series, which has won six Peabody Awards and more than 20 Emmys (four in 2002 alone) since its 1974 debut. `Nova' clearly, and often engagingly, `demystifies' a vast range of science, technology and history topics---past a… (more)

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