"War and Conflict" are seen here as great motivators for inventions, including the catapult, the cannon and "Greek Fire," a type of flamethrower. Also: cosmetic surgery is invented for those disfigured in battle. Host: Terry Jones.
Terry Jones expounds on "Sex and Love" as the motivating factors for the invention of perfume, makeup, the mechanical clock and the first bank. Also: the pharmacology of ancient aphrodisiacs and contraceptives.
Terry Jones observes how early civilizations and societies dealt with the logistical problems of city life, including architecture, plumbing and traffic management. Also: quality of life issues in ancient metropolitan areas.