- Served in the U.S. Army during World War II.
- One of the original members of the Actors Studio, he had a steady stream of roles on stage and TV before making his film debut in On the Waterfront (1954).
- Appeared in both versions of Cape Fear, the 1962 original and the 1991 remake.
- Divided his time between films and theater; his movies included Psycho (1960) and A Thousand Clowns (1965), and plays included Death of a Salesman and Camino Real.
- Costarred in the sitcom Archie Bunker's Place from 1979 to '81.
- A highly respected and successful character actor, he worked steadily in films and television until 1994, just two years before he died of a stroke while vacationing in Rome, Italy.
- 1965, Oscar — Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: Winner
- 1968, Tony — Actor (Dramatic): Winner
- 1974, Golden Globe — Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture: Nominee
- 1977, BAFTA Film Awards — Best Supporting Actor: Nominee
- 1977, Emmy — Outstanding Performance by a Supporting Actor in a Comedy or Drama Special: Nominee
- 1976, BAFTA Film Awards — Best Supporting Actor: Nominee
- Talia Balsam — Daughter
- Lillian Balsam — Mother
- Warren Balsam — Brother
- Adam Balsam — Son
- Zoe — Daughter
- Pearl Somner — Ex-wife
- Joyce Van Patten — Ex-wife
- Irene Miller — Ex-wife
- Albert Balsam — Father
- Attended the Actors Studio, New York, NY
- Birth Name: Martin Henry Balsam
- Birth Place: Bronx, NY
- Died: February 13, 1996
- Profession: Actor