Groucho Marx

  • Celebrity
  • Birth Name: Julius Henry Marx
  • Birth Place: New York, New York, United States
  • Died: August 19, 1977
  • Profession: Actor, Comedian, Writer
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Fast Facts

  • Mother's side of the family was in show business, and included vaudeville star Al Shean.
  • Began his own showbiz career in 1900 when he joined Gus Edwards' kiddie review. Was soon working in other vaudeville shows, including ones with his brothers and other family members.
  • The Marx Brothers were formed by 1920; and they gained national attention with the zany I'll Say She Is revue, which ran 1923-25. They followed it with another hit, The Cocoanuts, which featured a score by Irving Berlin.
  • During the success of The Cocoanuts, Groucho and brothers starred in a silent comedy movie, Humorisk, that they produced themselves; it was never released.
  • Lost $240,000 on Black Tuesday (the October 29, 1929, stock-market crash). He later joked that "I would have lost more, but that was all the money I had."
  • Received the Most Outstanding Personality Emmy Award in 1951.
  • A lifelong Democrat, Marx was the subject of a 1950s probe by the FBI that wondered if he was affiliated with the Communist Party. (He wasn't.)
  • Made a triumphant return to the stage in 1972 with the sold-out An Evening with Groucho at Carnegie Hall.
  • Received an honorary Academy Award in 1973 "in recognition of his brilliant creativity and for the unequaled achievements of the Marx Brothers in the art of motion picture comedy."
  • His will instructed that anyone challenging it would receive $1 with the rest going to the Jewish Federation Council of Los Angeles.
  • Ashes are interred at Eden Memorial Park cemetery in Mission Hills, Cal.

Awards

  • 1951, Emmy — Most Outstanding Personality: Nominee
  • 1973, Oscar — Honorary Award: Winner

Relationships

  • Arthur Marx — Son
  • Chico Marx — Brother
  • Gummo Marx — Brother
  • Al Shean — Uncle
  • Minnie Marx — Mother
  • Erin Fleming — Significant Other
  • Ruth Johnson — Ex-wife
  • Zeppo Marx — Brother
  • Eden Hartford — Ex-wife
  • Kay Marvis Gorcey — Ex-wife
  • Manfred Marx — Brother
  • Melinda Marx — Daughter
  • Miriam Marx — Daughter
  • Samuel Marx — Father
  • Harpo Marx — Brother

Details

  • Birth Name: Julius Henry Marx
  • Birth Place: New York, New York, United States
  • Died: August 19, 1977
  • Profession: Actor, Comedian, Writer

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